The lack of standardized structures, laws and regulations across state-controlled voting systems – as well as antiquated voting machines and technology, lack of staff at polling places, and limitations imposed by voter suppression laws – have made registering and voting onerous tasks for many.
Many of these laws are draconian. Ohio, for example, cut an entire week from early voting. Arizona made it a felony to collect and turn in someone else’s ballot, even with the voter’s permission. Southern states have closed nearly 900 polling places since the Supreme Court struck down part of the Voting Rights Act in 2013.
These restrictions disproportionately affect minority voters, who are less likely to have flexible work schedules, and may find it hard to afford or obtain a photo ID or reach nearby polling places.